Whether you're adding edible plants to an existing landscape or deciding where to put the veggies in a brand new yard, it is best to start with a design for what goes where. Some plants grow tall, others grow wide and taking this into account, is a primary factor in creating the design. If you are adding veggies and herbs among existing plants, be especially careful about placing veggies with either high or low water requirements next to plants with the same needs.
Have a kitchen garden even if you don't have a yard
If you have a balcony or small patio, you can still grow veggies. Many vegetables are well-suited to being grown in containers. "Earth boxes" are space-saving and mobile because they have wheels and can accommodate more than one kind of plant at a time. A trellis on the back of the box gives spreaders a place to climb so there's space left in front for other vegetables like peppers that are more compact.
You can also turn last year's petunia pots into a place for tomatoes. Just add an obelisk to pots you already have and tomatoes and similar spreading plants will be supported by the structure. Herbs are also great for containers. They can be combined so that several are growing in just one pot.
Design to deter pests
When designing your planting area, incorporate plants that deter or are undesirable to pesky critters in your garden. Fragrances are often great deterrents to pests and they can be found in many herbs, shrubs or perennials. If some plants are not available in your area, essential oils will also work. Marigolds, especially French Marigolds, are easy to grow, available in just about all climates and attract many beneficial insects that can help protect your garden from being stripped by unwanted visitors. Some beneficial insects like ladybugs can also be purchased to release in your yard.
Rabbits. Rabbits can be deterred from plants they like to chomp by sprinkling chili pepper around the plants—just remember it needs to be reapplied after the area gets wet from either rain or sprinklers. Another effective product to place around plants is blood meal which is available in several brands from local garden centers. Because rabbits are prey animals, they react to the smell of blood and stay away. The meal is not harmful to pets and it's actually good for plants because of the nitrogen it contains. Some plants are rabbit resistant, so try these plants in your garden: Bellflower, Asilbe, Aster, Yarrow, Cranesbill, Hosta, Lavender, Sage and other textured or thorny plants. Rabbits generally dislike marigolds, so here's a plant to place around the ones you don't want them to eat. Finally, rabbits will not each squash, cucumbers, tomatoes (although sometimes they will "taste" the stems), corn, potatoes or peppers.
Mice. Mice do not like mint—especially peppermint. So having mint in your garden is a deterrent to this unwanted rodent.
Seeing big populations of insects on plants—particularly trees and shrubs—usually indicates the plants are under stress as that's where insects will always go first. There can be a variety of factors that cause plants to be stressed and they range from sun exposure, to soil type, to water requirements and other factors. Because trees and shrubs are your long-term and most expensive landscape investment, it's best to consult a pro to diagnose the underlying problems and to determine the best treatment options. For other infestations in and around your veggie garden, here are some suggestions:
Ants: Set out cucumber (bitter is best) peels or slices; they won't cross them. Soak a string in cayenne pepper, citrus oil, clove oil, lemon juice or sprinkle coffee grounds where you want to deter them and they will not cross it. Garlic is another deterrent and spraying soap and water to an area will also deter ants.
Aphids: Chives, marigolds, mint, basil or cilantro are good deterrents to aphids. You can also try placing aluminum foil at the base of the plant which by reflecting light under the leaf helps to deter the aphids.
Grasshoppers: Use garlic oil, calendula, the herb horehound and cilantro.
Slugs: Slugs do not like mint, lemon balm, human hair (remove excess hair from hairbrushes and put into gardens), pine needles, Cosmos, sage and parsley.
For more information about creating your own home garden, contact a Landscape Contractor.